Socionics is a relatively young and dynamically developing branch of psychology. The roots of Socionics protrude deeply into Jung's theory of psychological types, Freud's theory of conscious and subconscious and Kempinski's theory of information metabolism.
According to Jung's theory of psychological types we are all different in fundamental ways. One's ability to process different information is limited by their particular type. These types are sixteen.
People can be either Extroverts or Introverts, depending on the direction of their activity; Thinking, Feeling, Sensing, Intuitive, according to their own information pathways; Judging or Perceiving, depending on the method in which they process received information.
Socionics was founded by a Lithuanian woman and the researcher Aushra Augustinavichute (ENTp) in the 70s, when she combined different knowledge of the human psyche into one structural theory and then the model. The real development of Socionics occurred in the 80s.
The great advantage of Socionics is that you do not have to be a psychologist in order to understand and apply it practically. You can make a diagnosis for yourself and what is more, you can solve many of your personal problems without even seeing a psychotherapist.
Augustinavichute's structural approach to the functioning of the human psyche made it possible to go far beyond the theory of psychological types. The main advantage of Socionics is that it can anticipate the development in human relationships with incredible accuracy.
This makes it a very powerful tool when dealing with the problems in relationships. Generally, a minimum amount of knowledge of Socionics is irreplaceable in any field of human activity where more than one person is involved having to work or live together.
In conclusion, dealing with problems connected with people's relationships was always an area of confidence for ethical types. Socionics presents many ethically rudimentary problems in a simple, logical form, making them more understandable for logical types too.
More in details:
Integrated Psychological Type Indicator,
Psychological type profiles,
ABC of Socionics,
Rationality vs. Irrationality,
Methods of psychological type identification,
How good are you at V.I.?,
Type and the hidden agenda,
Type profiles by function,
Types and celebrities,
Groups within the Socion.